Gum Diseases - Periodontology
Periodontology is the section that examines the health and disease conditions of the tissues located around the teeth and teeth and aims to diagnose, treat and protect the health obtained after treatment.
Healthy gums are light pink, bleeding, dull and tight. If there are bleeding gums, this is a harbinger of gingivitis and disease. Even if the teeth are not rotten, they can be lost due to gingivitis.
When diagnosed early, it responds easily and successfully to treatment. In this regard, we recommend that you have your dentist check your gums from time to time.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Periodontal disease is an infection of soft and hard tissues that support teeth. This situation occurs because the adhesive film layer consisting of the bacteria we call “plaque” settles on the tooth and turns into a tartar. Inflammation is observed in the gums in the early stages; bleeding may occur during brushing or flossing. This phase is called “gingivitis”. Gingivitis can be reversed with the treatment to be performed by the dentist and good oral hygiene.
The healthy gum rose pink color is firmly adhered to the tooth and has a sharp ending like blade back, without bleeding and swelling. People with gum disease often complain of bleeding gums, swelling of the gums, redness and itching, bad taste in the mouth, bad breath, and gaping when brushing and spitting teeth or biting a hard food.
Gum diseases are called gingivitis in the early stages. Gum diseases are reversible at this stage. Plaque and dental stones are removed from the gingiva pocket by using special periodontal instruments. Then, by smoothing the root surfaces, the gum adheres firmly to the tooth. If there is no treatment, the disease progresses further and bone loss begins to be observed. At this stage, due to bone resorption, gingival recession and tooth swings can be observed. Gingival operations are performed at this stage of the disease called periodontitis.
The movement of the gum line from the edge of the tooth to the root is called gingival recession. During the gum recession, loss of bone tissue surrounding the tooth also occurs and the root of the tooth begins to appear. This can cause the tooth to appear longer, to have a yellow or brown appearance, and to shake the tooth over time. Usually, a periodontal pocket is formed around the tooth, and it is quick to insert dental stones into these pockets. The increase in the amount of calculus results in more gum recession. However, gingival recession may not always be due to gum disease, sometimes it may be the result of traumas such as hard brushing, clenching teeth, and sometimes it may also occur due to perplexity.
Gingival swelling occurs when the gum disease first begins to occur, and sometimes when gum abscesses occur, it may also occur due to a nutrient, body, etc., or some medications used. In this case, the gum doctor receives the necessary anamnesis information to determine the agent and starts the necessary treatment. Sometimes gum swelling is seen with aphtae. Gingival swelling may sometimes grow large enough to cause swelling on the cheek or lip. It is very important to eliminate the factor when the gum swells.
Gum bleeding is the most important symptom of gingivitis. Gum bleeding, which is a serious health problem, also affects other organs of the body. Healthy gums do not bleed during brushing or rope use. Professional dental calculus cleaning is the first step in the treatment of gingival bleeding. Proper brushing and flossing can eliminate gingival bleeding, thereby reducing the risk of developing periodontal disease.
1 day is enough for gingivitis. Although it varies according to the condition of the gum, it is approximately 2 sessions.