Gum Diseases - Periodontology

Periodontology is the section that examines the health and disease conditions of the tissues located around the teeth and teeth and aims to diagnose, treat and protect the health obtained after treatment.

Healthy gums are light pink, bleeding, dull and tight. If there are bleeding gums, this is a harbinger of gingivitis and disease. Even if the teeth are not rotten, they can be lost due to gingivitis.

When diagnosed early, it responds easily and successfully to treatment. In this regard, we recommend that you have your dentist check your gums from time to time.

Dental Diseases

Although the gum has a soft texture, it wraps around our teeth. Taking care of the gums means looking at the teeth. gum diseases It occurs as a result of contact of the gums with bacteria. Thus, infection occurs; the gums become inflamed or irritated. Recognizing and intervening gingival disease in the early stages offers the possibility of non-surgical treatment. Surgery may be required in late-recognized gingival diseases. In order to detect gum diseases early, it is necessary to know what it is.

What are Gum Diseases?

En yaygın görülen diş eti hastalıkları iltihaplı olanlardır. İltihaplı diş eti hastalıklarına periodontal hastalık denir. İnsanların %85’i hayatlarında mutlaka iltihaplı gum disease geçirmiştir. Ayrıca yetişkinlerin diş kayıplarının %70’i periodontal hastalıklardan ileri gelmektedir. İleri derecedeki periodontal hastalığa periodontitis denir.  Periodontalde fırçalama sırasında kanama görülürken periodontitisde dişlerde sallanma meydana gelir.

Gum Disease Symptoms

Symptoms of gum disease varies according to the stages of the disease. In the first stage of the disease, no problems may be observed in the gums of the person. If the area of inflammation in the tooth is in a place to be observed, it can be noticed with the increase of the stage of the disease. Symptoms of common gum disease are as follows:

  • Sensitivity of teeth to hot and cold foods
  • gingivitis
  • Pain when speaking and chewing
  • gum recessions
  • Loosening of teeth
  • Incompatibilities appearing in denture teeth

Inflammation in the teeth leads to the deterioration of the structure of the vessels that feed the gum tissue. As a result, the blood that should remain in the vein comes out at the slightest intervention.

Which Department is Gum Diseases?

One of the most frequently asked questions on the subject is gum disease department where is it connected. Gum diseases Periodontology located in the section. When the symptoms of gingival diseases are observed in the mouth, the Department of Periodontology should be consulted without neglecting it. The progression of the disease can lead to loss of teeth and deterioration of the gingival bone by reducing the quality of life of the person.

What Causes Gum Diseases?

gum disease causes The question is important in terms of having healthy gums. The settling of food and plaque inside the gum pockets is one of the things that causes gingivitis. While dental plaque is a thin layer of bacteria, it turns into tartar when oral care is not done for a long time. To prevent this, it is necessary to brush the teeth and use dental floss. Other factors that cause gum disease by forming bacterial plaque and tartar in the mouth are:

  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco/cigarette use
  • Pregnancy
  • broken filling
  • genetic factors
  • Using certain drugs (Chemotherapy drugs, corticosteroids, oral contraceptives, calcium channel blockers
  • Structural disorders in teeth

Gum Disease Treatment

unprogressed reversible gum disease treatment Treatments for advanced gum disease are different. The aim of treatment in gingival diseases is to remove the bacteria causing the gingival disease from the mouth. Non-surgical gingival treatments that the disease is reversible include:

  • Professional dental cleaning, dental meat disease specialist It takes place by cleaning the plaque and tartar on the teeth by the teeth. Regular teeth cleaning prevents gum diseases.
  • Tooth scaling and root planning is done by scraping the calculus and plaques in the gum line with local anesthesia when calculus and plaque accumulate under the gums.

Treatment methods that require surgery when inflammatory gingival diseases progress are as follows:

  • Pocket reduction surgery is performed by pulling back the gums and cleaning the tartar underneath. If necessary, the dentition can be corrected. Correct sealing of the tooth and gingival cavity prevents the formation of harmful bacteria. In this way, the repetition of the disease is prevented.
  • Bone graft is applied by placing the patient's own bone or synthetic bone grafts in place of the gingival bone damaged by the inflammation. These provide bone formation over time where they are placed and ensure a healthy mouth.
  • Soft tissue grafts, on the other hand, are performed by filling the areas where the gums are pulled and the teeth are sparse with soft tissue grafts.
  • Guided tissue regeneration is done by placing barriers between the gum tissue or teeth in order to develop the dental bones that allow the growth of the teeth and to direct this development.

With these steps, bacteria are removed from the mouth and the patient is cured. After the treatment, the duty of the patient is to prevent the formation of bacteria by not neglecting oral care and control. Brushing the teeth 3 times a day, using dental floss, and gargling with mouthwash are important in this process.

There is a question that those who want to heal gingivitis at home with herbal means are wondering. what is good for gum disease is the question. Treating the disease at home is not a healthy solution because it is a matter for doctors to decide which disease is present in the gums and how it should be treated. Before going to the doctor, some herbal teas can be drunk to relieve pain and prevent gum recession. It is known that herbs and teas such as chamomile, echinacea, nettle, licorice root, purslane, sage, mint are good. Teeth can be relieved by rubbing these herbs or drinking tea.

How Long Does the Treatment of Gum Disease Take?

The treatment process of gum disease varies according to the disease. The level of progression of the disease is important in periodontological treatment. The recovery speed of the surgery varies from person to person. While non-surgical treatments can be handled in one or a few sessions, the duration of treatments that require surgery can vary between 3 weeks and 6 months. After the treatment, patients should have regular check-ups.

Taksim Gum Diseases

The examinations and treatments performed by specialist dentists in our clinic have a professional service. While aiming for the continuity of our success in our business, we are based on satisfaction with our patient-oriented approach. Our clinic focuses not only on the treatment of gum diseases, but also on the health of the mouth as a whole. In addition to cleaning dental plaques and tartar, you can easily rely on applications such as replacing soft or hard tissues lost in gums and bones that require advanced surgical virtues. Taksim Gum Diseases Our expert team is at work. Our doctors, who are taking firm steps in their careers, work diligently to be better at their jobs. You can make an appointment with our physicians in the department you want by calling our clinic. We are always with you with our friendly staff.

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    Frequently Asked Questions

    Periodontal disease is an infection of soft and hard tissues that support teeth. This situation occurs because the adhesive film layer consisting of the bacteria we call “plaque” settles on the tooth and turns into a tartar. Inflammation is observed in the gums in the early stages; bleeding may occur during brushing or flossing. This phase is called “gingivitis”. Gingivitis can be reversed with the treatment to be performed by the dentist and good oral hygiene.

    The healthy gum rose pink color is firmly adhered to the tooth and has a sharp ending like blade back, without bleeding and swelling. People with gum disease often complain of bleeding gums, swelling of the gums, redness and itching, bad taste in the mouth, bad breath, and gaping when brushing and spitting teeth or biting a hard food.

    Gum diseases are called gingivitis in the early stages. Gum diseases are reversible at this stage. Plaque and dental stones are removed from the gingiva pocket by using special periodontal instruments. Then, by smoothing the root surfaces, the gum adheres firmly to the tooth. If there is no treatment, the disease progresses further and bone loss begins to be observed. At this stage, due to bone resorption, gingival recession and tooth swings can be observed. Gingival operations are performed at this stage of the disease called periodontitis.

    The movement of the gum line from the edge of the tooth to the root is called gingival recession. During the gum recession, loss of bone tissue surrounding the tooth also occurs and the root of the tooth begins to appear. This can cause the tooth to appear longer, to have a yellow or brown appearance, and to shake the tooth over time. Usually, a periodontal pocket is formed around the tooth, and it is quick to insert dental stones into these pockets. The increase in the amount of calculus results in more gum recession. However, gingival recession may not always be due to gum disease, sometimes it may be the result of traumas such as hard brushing, clenching teeth, and sometimes it may also occur due to perplexity.

    Gingival swelling occurs when the gum disease first begins to occur, and sometimes when gum abscesses occur, it may also occur due to a nutrient, body, etc., or some medications used. In this case, the gum doctor receives the necessary anamnesis information to determine the agent and starts the necessary treatment. Sometimes gum swelling is seen with aphtae. Gingival swelling may sometimes grow large enough to cause swelling on the cheek or lip. It is very important to eliminate the factor when the gum swells.

    Gum bleeding is the most important symptom of gingivitis. Gum bleeding, which is a serious health problem, also affects other organs of the body. Healthy gums do not bleed during brushing or rope use. Professional dental calculus cleaning is the first step in the treatment of gingival bleeding. Proper brushing and flossing can eliminate gingival bleeding, thereby reducing the risk of developing periodontal disease.

    1 day is enough for gingivitis. Although it varies according to the condition of the gum, it is approximately 2 sessions.