Prosthetic dental treatment is the dentistry department that aims to regain lost teeth and intra-oral tissues to the patient. Loss of teeth and surrounding tissues will result in aesthetic, functional, phonetic and moral losses. Therefore, these losses should be compensated by making prostheses. Dental prostheses can be classified mainly as fixed prostheses, removable prostheses and implant prostheses.
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Fixed prostheses are prostheses made with support from existing teeth and fixed by adhering to these teeth. They are called fixed prostheses since they cannot be removed by the patient. Porcelain with or without metal substructure is used in the construction of fixed prostheses. Coverings made on single teeth or bridges made by shrinking neighboring teeth to complete missing teeth are fixed prosthesis types.
Removable prostheses are the prostheses made with the support of the remaining gums and bones in the area of the lost teeth. Usually they are done if the number and location of the teeth in the mouth does not allow to make fixed dentures.
They are larger than fixed volume prostheses because they have parts that spread to these areas to get support from toothless cavities. They can be easily removed and attached by the patient. In cases where the teeth are partially lost, prostheses attached to the existing teeth by means of hooks (crochet) or sensitive holders (anker) are called removable partial dentures. In cases where teeth are completely lost, full (total) prostheses are made, which sit on the gum and bone in the toothless areas.
The implant are dental root-shaped titanium screws placed in the jaw bone to replace lost teeth. A tooth lost using implants can be returned in its closest form to nature without touching neighboring teeth. The patient's prosthesis can be converted into fixed prosthesis. Or implants can be used to reduce the movement of full dentures in the mouth and increase their retention. Implants can provide many alternative solutions to remove limitations in prosthetic construction.