Maxillofacial surgery is a specialty that makes diagnosis and surgical treatment of soft tissues such as tongue, lips, cheeks, salivary glands, teeth, jaw and jaw joint diseases and disease. Surgical treatments are performed by performing local anesthesia (regional numbness) / general anesthesia or sedation.
What Does Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Look at?
Pain in the mouth, jaw or teeth often complicates our daily lives. We apply to jaw surgery to relieve these pains. So what does oral and maxillofacial surgery look at? Jaw surgery covers various dental, mouth and jaw problems and diagnoses and resolves these problems. Mostly, patients resort to jaw surgery because of problems in the jaw. The situations that jaw surgery looks at can be listed as follows;
- Impacted teeth and tooth extractions
- Tumor in the jaw
- Abnormalities of the jaw or face
- Periodontology: It eliminates the problems that occur in the alveolar bone in the mouth, which is responsible for holding the teeth, and the gingiva in the soft tissues.
- Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology: It diagnoses inflammation in dental tissues, surrounding tissues and bones.
- Restorative Dentistry: It treats the lost tooth as a result of trauma or caries in the teeth, accompanied by different materials.
- Endodontics: It helps in solving the problems that occur in the nerves and veins in the tooth root.
- Orthodontics: It is the diagnosis and treatment of teeth with crookedness or mismatch.
- Root Canal Treatment: It is one of the most common treatments in the oral and dental department.
- Bad Breath Treatment: Odor occurs in the mouth due to inflammation or caries in the tooth.
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- AFT and Intraoral Wounds: The general name of ulcers in the mouth is AFT. Ulcers, wounds in the mouth, lips, tongue or palate can have different problems. Therefore, it is necessary to contact the oral and maxillofacial surgery.
- Gingival Inflammation: Inflammations in the jawbone or gingiva bring along tooth loss.
- Gum Diseases: Diseases in the gums can occur due to many reasons. These reasons are mostly: smoking, drug use, stress formation, teeth clenching, sugar use, genetic factors and poorly made restorations.
Over the centuries, the jaws have evolved and become smaller due to the development of humanity and the fact that people consume soft foods more. After shrinking, some types of teeth remain stuck in the bone. These teeth are called impacted teeth. Usually wisdom teeth and canine teeth remain impacted. Impacted teeth become inflamed and damaged after a while.
As a result of inflammation, the impacted tooth should be extracted by making an appointment for jaw surgery tooth extraction. Before tooth extraction, your dentist evaluates your tooth radiographically during the appointment. If there is an inflammation of the buried tongue, antibiotics are prescribed. After a while after the inflammation is resolved, your impacted teeth are ready to be extracted.
What Should Be Considered After the Impacted Tooth Operation?
Maxillofacial surgery gives you advice on what to pay attention to after you have had the embedded operation. Following these recommendations will help you after the operation and will relieve you by reducing your pain. After the impacted tooth operation, you should pay attention to the following issues;
- You should not eat for two hours after the impacted tooth is extracted. You should stay away from very cold, very hot foods for 24 hours. When you are hungry, you should consume soft and warm foods.
- You should stay away from acidic (cola, orange juice) drinks.
- If you are someone who smokes or consumes alcohol, you should stay away from them for 48 hours.
- After the impacted teeth are extracted, the numbness in the mouth continues. Try not to bite your tongue or lip during this numbness.
- It is normal to have bleeding and leakage for 48 hours after an impacted tooth extraction. After extraction, bite the tampon placed on your tooth for 2 hours. If your bleeding becomes severe, consult an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
- Apply cold compress for the first 24 hours after the operation.
- Swelling and pain are normal after the operation. However, in case of severe pain and swelling, you should consult a dentist.
- Medicines given by the dentist should be used without interruption.
- Do not brush your teeth for 24 hours after the operation. Instead, you can gargle with warm water.
- One of the rare cases after the operation is the bruising in the neck and face area. This bruise may occur as a result of blood accumulation. Inform your doctor when you encounter such a situation.
- After the extraction of impacted teeth in the lower jaw, permanent numbness may rarely occur in the tongue or lower lip area. If you are experiencing drowsiness, you should inform your doctor.
- One of the very rare conditions after tooth extraction operation is allergic reactions that occur within 24 hours due to local anesthesia. When you encounter such a situation, you should contact your doctor immediately.
- After your impacted teeth have been extracted, if sutures have been applied to the extracted area, these sutures should be removed by the oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery within 7 to 10 days.
- During the first 24 hours, you should avoid beverages such as tea and coffee.
What are the Symptoms of Jaw Joint Problems?
Temporomandibular joint (jaw joint) diseases are caused by problems in the functions of the joint as a result of extra-articular or intra-articular pathologies. Patients who apply to a dental and maxillofacial surgeon usually present complaints of earache, headache or facial pain. After the complaints, the physicians detect that there is a problem in the jaw joint after a few checks and offer the necessary treatments. So what are the symptoms of jaw joint problems?
- severe ringing in the ears,
- Grinding noises during mouth opening and closing
- Pain or stiffness in the neck
- Pain while chewing
- Severe migraine-like pain
- Percent asymmetry
Odontogenic Infections and Jawbone Cysts
The presence of pathogenic structures of odontogenic (tooth) origin in any part of the lower and upper jaw bones or in the roots of the tooth is called jaw cysts. These cysts originating from the teeth; It consists of soft tissue or salivary glands in the mouth. It can be noticed by the patient after severe pain and swelling occur. However, patients often do not notice these cysts and can reach large sizes.
When you notice this situation, you should make an appointment for oral and maxillofacial surgery. During the appointment, your dentist will determine your discomfort by requesting certain tests. People who suffer from odontogenic infection and jawbone cysts are given drugs in the first place. However, if the use of this drug does not work, maxillofacial surgeons remove the cysts from their location with surgical operation. Although the cysts are not malignant, if left untreated, they can reach serious dimensions and endanger your health.
Taksim Maxillofacial Surgery
Thanks to the effective treatments offered by our Taksim maxillofacial surgery specialists, patients can regain their former health. Jaw problems caused by some reasons can negatively affect our health and make our daily life difficult. However, maxillofacial surgeons, who undertake to solve the problems, perform the surgical operation carefully and meticulously. Especially jaw problems come into play while eating and cause severe pain.
Dental and maxillofacial surgery operations performed within the scope of our hospital are performed in a way that causes the least pain to the patients. We ensure the satisfaction of the patients by applying effective and fast treatments for the recovery of the patients in a short time. Our priority is not to damage or damage the patient's jaw. All measures are taken to prevent the problems in the patient's jaw from reoccurring.
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Frequently Asked Questions
- All kinds of surgical treatment applications on teeth
- Embedded dental surgery
- Tooth extraction or surgical intervention with general anesthesia application
- Any kind of surgical intervention performed within the scope of implant application and implant treatment
- Treatment of abscesses and inflammations from the tooth
- Treatment of jaw joint disorders
With the All-On-4 technique, prostheses including all arch teeth can be made with only 4 implants in one jaw in edentulous patients. With the implants placed with a special angulation technique, support is obtained from the region with better bone quality, and damage to the anatomical structures is prevented. Prostheses are fixed on the same day in fully edentulous patients and patients do not have a waiting period without teeth after this treatment. With the All-On-4 technique, which has been applied for 10 years and has proven its success in long-term scientific studies, patients achieve the desired smile aesthetics and function with an easy, fast and satisfactory treatment.
Depending on long-term toothlessness or structural bone deficiencies, it is the transfer of bone from the other parts of the jaw bone to the implanted area. The main purpose of this treatment method is to be able to place implants by increasing the height and thickness of the bone. With this treatment method, implants can be placed in the mouth in the same session. Another difference from routine implant applications is that the waiting time for the implants to boil into the bone is 4-6 months depending on the density of the bone volume, instead of 2-3 months.
The most common problem after the loss of teeth in the region of the upper jaw moor is that the maxillary sinuses in this region hang down and reduce the amount of bone to be implanted. In these cases, when the upper jaw bone is insufficient for implant application, it is the process of lifting the sinus membrane by using biomaterials such as graft (bone powder) and membrane. In this way, a longer vertical jaw bone is provided and the implant is placed. It may take 4-6 months to complete ossification after the procedure. This operation can be planned together with the implant surgery or before the implant surgery. Sinus lifting operation is one of the most commonly used bone enhancing methods today, it is a reliable procedure with proven long-term success.